Likewise, on November 12, 2012, the author of the Naturalis Historia blog posted a lengthy article on Lake Suigetsu (https://thenaturalhistorian.com/creationism/) which included a reproduction of Figure 7 from the Davidson and Wolgemuth (2010) paper. Alternating patterns of distinct laminae are commonly identified within glacial lake deposits and are generally interpreted in the following way: during the summer months as meltwaters increase flow to the lakes, layers of more coarse sediment are formed, whereas the decreased meltwater in winter results in thinner, more clay-rich layers.
A varve is defined as “A sedimentary bed or sequence of laminae deposited in a body of still water within one year’s time . The net result, in theory, is an “annual” varve consisting of a summer and winter depositional couplet layer.
However, recent research by Schieber, Southard and Thaisen (2007) and Schieber and Yawar (2009), using the Indiana University Flume Laboratory, has demonstrated that the commonly observed laminated mudrocks, so prevalent throughout the rock record and around the globe, formed by moving water, and energetic deposition.
Their experiments showed that mudrocks, and laminae in particular, form not by slow deposition out of a stagnant water column, but by flowing water at speeds of 0.3 m/sec (1 ft/sec).
As of 9/19/2016, this article was freely accessible online at Gregg Davidson and Ken Wolgemuth, present what they believe are strong geological arguments for an old earth. For instance, the Institute for Creation Research has on display multiple examples of fossils from the Green River Formation. 2a) contains the fossilized fish Diplomystus dentatus and Knightia eocaena. (a) A fossilized Diplomystus dentatus (the large fish) and Knightia eocaena (the smaller fish) in a slab from the Green River Formation. Close inspection reveals many fine laminations (fig. Although there is disagreement among creation scientists as to whether or not the Green River Formation represents a Flood or very early post-Flood depositional environment (Oard and Whitmore 2006; Oard and Klevberg 2008; Whitmore and Garner 2008), one thing is clear: because these fish were preserved, the thin layers must have formed quickly around them, before the fish could decay or be eaten by other scavengers (Whitmore 2009). Many laminations (b) are clearly visible and must have formed quickly before the fish could decompose. Finally, the latest empirical research has demonstrated that thinly-bedded mudrocks, which make up much of the world’s deposits of laminae and the majority of the geologic record, form much differently than previously thought. In the past, uniformitarian philosophy taught that clay-rich mudrocks formed by slow settling out of nearly stagnant water.
It also held that thick deposits of clay-rich rocks needed thousands and even millions of years of slow, stagnant clay deposition, as is observed in parts of the deep ocean today. “Spontaneous Stratification in Granular Mixtures.” Nature 386 (6623): 379–382. This review article focuses in particular on their claim that the good correlation between “varve” counts in Japan’s Lake Suigetsu (Fig.